Directed by John Patrick Shanley. December 2008, USA. Rated PG-13: 104 min.
John Patrick Shanley’s last directorial credit as a filmmaker dates all the way back to Joe Versus the Volcano (1990). But don’t let that fool you—Doubt shows no signs of Volcano’s “magnificent goofiness” (Roger Ebert’s words); this case study of how the 1960s wave of change affected the Catholic Church is dead serious. Based on Shanley’s Tony-and-Pulitzer-winning play, the film stars Philip Seymour Hoffman as the progressive Priest Flynn and Meryl Streep as the martinet nun and Catholic school principal Sister Aloysius.
Though at first we sympathize with Flynn’s quest for change in the church, his character comes into question when we witness his condescension toward women and when Donald Miller (Joseph Foster)—the school’s first African-American student—returns to class from Flynn’s rectory looking frightened and reeking of altar wine. His teacher—the young, innocent Sister James (Amy Adams)—reports her concerns to Sister Aloysius, who seizes the opportunity to plot Priest Flynn’s demise. Certain that Flynn intends to seduce the boy, she threatens to overthrow him by any means possible.
The three-dimensional performances are so memorable and the crescendoing dramatic tension is so palpable that your head may very well spin for hours after leaving the theater as you mentally replay the story. One conversation in particular between Sister Aloysius and Donald Miller’s mother (Viola Davis) tosses yet another layer of complexity to an already dense pile of conflicts.
A technique of Shanley’s to either make or break your experience is the film’s stage performance aesthetic. The abundance of close-ups and actors’ deliberate movements in a contained space make Doubt feel almost like a recorded play instead of a movie. For the most part, Shanley focuses our attention on the characters’ development and interaction instead of framing beautiful shots to flaunt the setting. In my opinion, this works, because the relentless attention to dialogue forces us to ask ourselves who—if anyone—is in the right and what secrets they withhold.
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